Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s


Alzheimer’s is a mental health and brain disorder that affects over 3 million people in America a year.

This is a type of Dementia that causes problems with ones memory and thinking. It causes a progressive loss of brain cells that decline cognitive abilities.

This may make everyday tasks difficult for Alzheimer’s sufferers.

There are 7 stages to this disease.

1.) there is no impairment at all. During this stage, Alzheimer’s is not detectable and no memory problems or other symptoms of dementia are noticed.

2.) A very mild decline

3.) A mild decline

4.) A moderate delcine

5.) moderately severe decline

6.) severe decline

7.) An extremely severe decline

The FDA has approved two types of medications for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease: Cholinesterase inhibitors and Memantine.

Lets take a look at these medications.

Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Alzheimer’s


Cholinesterase inhibitors block the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is important in memory, learning and cognition. This increases the amount of the acetylcholine in the synaptic cleft that can bind to brain cell receptors.

List of Cholinesterase inhibitors:

Aricept
Exelon
Razadyne

CAUTION
Comes with Side Effects


Side effects may occur when on cholinesterase Inhibitors. These include vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, muscle cramps, weight loss, insomnia, headaches, hallucinations, nightmares or weird dreams, and confusion.

Also something to note is that cholinesterase inhibitors interact with anti-cholinergic medications, such as artane and cogentin.

Memantine for Alzheimer’s


Memantine is a medication used to treat Alzheimer’s Disease. It is able to treat the moderate to severe stages of Alzheimer’s.

Memantine is in a class called NMDA receptor antagonists.

It may improve symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s such as memory, and taking care of daily tasks. Although, memantine is less preferred than cholinesterase inhibitors.

Namenda is a memantine medication used for Alzheimer’s.

Your physician may start your dosage low and increase it slowly to a therapeutic level.

Caution
Comes with Side Effects

Side effects may occur, but if they outweigh the symptoms of the condition, it may be of benefit. These include confusion, dizziness, headaches, constipation, physical pain, a cough and high blood pressure.